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strongly scented materials; specifically refers to rich, balsamic essences, but can be used to refer to nearly any deliciously scented botanical material

Artabotrys Odoratissimus

Country of origin the Philippines and Indonesia. See: Ylang Ylang 

Artabotrys Suaveolens

See: Ylang Ylang

Artemisia Alba

Artemisia AlbaArtemisia Alba is a perennial plant native to the Mediterranean countries. The plant is a relative to the wormwood plant and it has the same silvery leaves. This oil has very green and bitter notes and may be useful in chypre and green perfumes. 

Ref: Steffen Arctander; Perfume and Flavor Materials of Natural Origin  

Artemisia Annua

Artemisia AnnuaArtemisia Annua is native to Yogoslavia. It is the least inexpensive of the Artemsias due to it's high yield. It is used mainly as a perfuming material for soap. It has green basil like odor. 

Ref: Steffen Artander; Perfume and Flavor Materials of Natural Origin 


Sandalwood oil distilled over flowers or distillation of flowers into a receiver containing sandalwood oil



A Balsam is a natural raw material exuded from a tree or plant; the balsam may be either a physiological or a pathological product of the plant. (Stefan Arctander)


refers to sweet, warm, woody, rich notes such as tolu balsam and benzoin

Base Notes

notes within a perfume composition which are more tenacious and long-lasting; the last notes detected in the dry down of a perfume composition

Bee goo

It is the term used to designate the rests of bad wax, cells, polen, propolis, pieces of bees that remain from taking the wax of a bee hive, macerated in alcohol. Macerations from 8 months old on are considered to be good fixative.

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