Bottom Notes

Title: Bottom Notes

Definition: In perfumery, "bottom notes" refer to the foundational elements of a fragrance composition that emerge gradually during the dry-down phase and persist the longest on the skin. Also known as base notes, they form the enduring and lingering essence of a scent, providing depth, richness, and stability to the overall olfactory profile.


  • Tenacity: Bottom notes are characterized by their resilience and longevity, lingering on the skin for hours or even days after the application of a fragrance.
  • Depth: These notes contribute to the depth and complexity of a scent, anchoring the composition with their rich and substantive aroma.
  • Warmth: Bottom notes often exude warm, comforting, and enveloping qualities, adding a sense of depth and sensuality to the fragrance experience.

Role in Perfumery:

  • Structural Foundation: Bottom notes serve as the structural foundation of a fragrance, providing stability and coherence to the overall composition. They anchor the lighter top and middle notes, ensuring a harmonious and well-balanced olfactory experience.
  • Longevity: Due to their tenacious nature, bottom notes play a crucial role in determining the longevity and persistence of a fragrance, extending its wear time and enhancing its overall impact.
  • Emotional Resonance: The deep, resonant qualities of bottom notes evoke feelings of warmth, comfort, and intimacy, creating a lasting emotional connection with the wearer.

Examples of Bottom Notes:

  • Rich Woods: Ingredients such as sandalwood, cedarwood, and vetiver are classic bottom notes prized for their depth, warmth, and longevity.
  • Resinous Accords: Resins such as benzoin, myrrh, and labdanum impart a deep, balsamic quality to fragrances, enhancing their longevity and complexity.
  • Animalic Notes: Animalic ingredients like musk and ambergris add a sensual, musky undertone to fragrances, contributing to their depth and allure.

Usage in Perfumery:

  • Perfumers carefully select and blend bottom notes to create fragrances with enduring appeal and longevity. These notes are often added in higher concentrations to ensure their prominent presence in the dry-down phase.
  • Consumers appreciate bottom notes for their ability to evoke a sense of luxury, sophistication, and comfort, making them sought-after ingredients in fine fragrances and perfumes.


  • Understanding the role of bottom notes is essential for perfumers seeking to create well-balanced and long-lasting fragrances that resonate with consumers. By mastering the art of layering and blending bottom notes, perfumers can craft memorable scents that leave a lasting impression.

» Natural Perfume Academy Main Glossary