NATURAL PERFUME ACADEMY GLOSSARY


The Natural Perfume Glossary compiled by Justine Crane & NPA



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Saffron

SaffronSaffron is the most expensive spice in the world.

The absolute or tincture is used in natural perfumery. It is a dark red gold colour. Saffron is obtained from the flowers of the crocus sativa. The crocus sativa is light purple itself but the thread like stamens are deep red. It is these stamens that are the saffron. Saffron is harvested in the Autumn, then the labourious work of separating the stamens from the flowers begins. Imagine that it takes 70,000 pounds of flowers to yield just one pound of the spice. The odor of saffron is reminiscent of the sea air.

The spice is used to flavour and add a yellow colour to rice. It is also used as a a natural dye for fabrics.

Entry link: Saffron

Sillage

A term often used in perfumery to describe the trail of scent you leave behind you.
The term is derived from the French language, and is defined as: wake, slipstream, or trail.
Entry link: Sillage

Soluable

raw materials (essential oils, resins, absolutes, concretes, etc.) which dissolve in a diluent (alcohol, solvent, oil, water, etc.)

Entry link: Soluable

Solvents

fluid materials used to dissolve and extract volatile elements of botanicals (water, alcohol, hexane, oil, etc.)

Entry link: Solvents

Spicy

Notes which are typically hot in character, such as clove, pepper and cinnamon.

Entry link: Spicy

Styrax gum resin aka benzoin

Styrax gum resin aka benzoin  

Entry link: Styrax gum resin aka benzoin

Sweet

characterized by taste utilizing essences such as vanilla, honey and warm balsamic notes

Entry link: Sweet