The Natural Perfume Glossary compiled by Justine Crane & NPA

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Bottom Notes

notes within a perfume composition which are more tenacious and long-lasting; the last notes detected in the dry down of a perfume composition

Entry link: Bottom Notes


refers to a blend of flower essences; used more often in pre-modern perfumery to describe rich floral compositions

Entry link: Bouquet

Carrier Oil

oil used as a base or diluent in oil-based and solid perfume making; typically jojoba and fractionated coconut oils due to their longer shelf lives

Entry link: Carrier Oil

Champaca or Champa Absolute

Champa absolute from the flowers of the Michelia Champaca is an exotic rich deep floral natural perfumery material. It reminds me of carnation and tuberose and has warm caramel, peppery vanilla orchid notes.

I have a Champaca C02 which has more of the spice caramel and less of the lily type floral scent. I would favor the absolute to the C02 extract.

The absolute and C02 are extracted from concrete which is obtained from the yellow magnolia-like flowers of a medium sized tree which grows in the Indonesia and India and also Madagascar off the South Coast of Africa.

Steffen Arctander (P.160 Perfume and Flaor Materials of Natural Origin) describes Champaca Absolute as "quite unique: delicately dry-floral, at the same time reminding one of the orange flowers, ylang ylang, carnation and the tearose."

The absolute blends very well with carnation and rose. In dilution it has a soft floral tea-like note, it is best fixed with bases that do not easily overwhelm the delicate floral notes, for instance: sandalwood, auracaria, benzoin, ambrette, and ambergris.

Entry link: Champaca or Champa Absolute


(see Accord) refers to a combination of three or more aromatics to create a single ‘essence’, or an accord

Entry link: Chord


a dominating blend of bergamot and oak moss rounded off with rich woody essences like patchouli and ambriene

Entry link: Chypre


a scent which follows a perfumery template utilizing a higher percentage of floral notes to create an essence with timeless appeal

Entry link: Classic


sweet, heavy, almost suffocating and clingy

Entry link: Cloying

CO2 Extraction

carbon dioxide extractions, supercritical carbon dioxide extracts; solvent extraction utilizing CO2 at low temperature and high pressure to create a fragrant product

Entry link: CO2 Extraction


an essence composition utilizing primarily citrus oils and a high percentage of water; 3 – 5% perfume composition to alcohol and distilled water

Entry link: Cologne

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